If you are a rat owner, then you are probably worried about providing your furry friend with the right and balanced diet so that he is completely healthy and happy.
Rats have different digestive systems than us so we can’t really give them everything we eat, especially if we want to make them healthy.
Owning a rat can be a problem sometimes, if you are not well informed about its diet, but that is not a big problem if you get informed about everything your furry friend needs.
Today we are going to talk about bread and whether this furry animal can eat it or not. What are the benefits and possible harms of giving bread to your rat pet, we are going to find out in the following text.
Bread – nutritive information
Bread is one of the essential foods that people eat all over the world. It is usually made out of flour and water, with the addition of yeast, salt and sugar. There are many different bread varieties and almost every country makes it differently.
Sometimes it comes as flat bread and other times it comes as bread with seeds and different additions inside of the dough. Nutritive value depends on the ingredients and the process that is necessary for bread making. This is another food we can make at home and we don’t need to buy it in a store. Making bread at home is healthier and you always know what goes into the mixture for the dough.
But, our fast lives and many obligations during the day make us store bought bread and eat it. When it comes to nutritive value, bread is richest in fiber. Fibers are essential for our health but when buying or making the bread, it is always best to choose whole grain flour and add some seeds, like sunflower, into the mixture if you want to make something truly healthy.
During the preparation, bread can be made with the following flour: up to 3% potato flour, or up to 10% cooked purified potatoes, or up to 5% rye flour, or up to 2% starch or up to 5% of corn flour or bite.
Enriched bread is made with proteins alone or in combination with vitamins or mineral substances, in order to increase their nutritional and biological value. Such protein must contain at least 10% of the protein, at least 0.5 mg of thiamine, at least 0.2 mg of riboflavin, at least 2 mg of niacin and at least 6 mg of iron, calculated on 100 g of bread or pastry.
By adding these ingredients it is, in fact, trying to compensate for the loss of these ingredients, in fact, people who try to lose weight can eat this bread because it is rich in vitamins and iron, which are separated from white flour with whiskers and grains of wheat.
Can rats eat bread?
Bread is a safe food for your rat, but before you give bread to him it is important to know certain facts. Bread is a safe food for rats but you need to give it to your pet in moderate amounts. We all know that animals in wilderness can go for several days without eating, especially during the winter. When we feed our pets regularly, it is important to measure the amounts of food properly, because too much food or big portions can lead to weight gain in pets in a short amount of time.
Rats are by nature active creatures and they love moving around and being active, so making your rat too fat or making him gain too much weight is potentially harmful. He is then in risk of developing a heart disease, weakening his limbs and other serious health issues.
Besides these long-term health issues, rats can also develop problems like diarrhea, vomiting or bloating. These are all symptoms that can occur right after you give your rat too much bread.
When giving your rat bread, make sure you heath it first or toast it and then give him some to nibble on to. Bread is definitely tasty for rats, and this can be a perfect snack for them once in a while.
Some tips on rat’s diet
It is very important to feed them with special rat food for the purpose of providing them with all the necessary nutrients. Some owners make their own foods for their rats, but if you opt for this variant, keep in mind that you need to include all the necessary ingredients in order to meet all the nutritional needs of your pet.
However, some commercially available foods may be unbalanced, especially if it is a mixture from which rats can select the favorite ingredients, and others do not look at it. Some owners combine high-quality rice breeches with fresh desserts and supplements and thus provide a balanced diet for their pets.
Remember that the amount of fruit and vegetables, and any added foods, should be quite small (tea spoon), since larger amounts can cause diarrhea. The list below is a list of treats you can offer them, but remember that the variety of food is the best way to provide them with the necessary nutrients.
- Fruits: apples, cherries, grapes, bananas, strawberries, berry fruits, melon, plums.
- Vegetables: broccoli, potatoes, peas, carrots, cooked sweet potatoes, parsley, and gourd.
- Cooked liver, as well as other lean meat (boiled)
- Pasta and whole grain bread
- Beans and soybeans
- Brown rice
- Unsaturated cereals
- Flour worms
- Small treats for dogs
- Special treats (only on special occasions): bone fruits in shells (almond, Brazilian walnut, walnut), sunflower seeds (they are fairly fat), cranberry chips.
- Raw beans
- Green potatoes
- Sweet treats, as well as other fast foods
- Products with coffee
- Carbonated drinks
Look for food that is made especially for rats. Food in granules or briquettes is the best solution. Grain mixtures are often well balanced, and they belong to complete food, but this only applies if the rat really eats everything, and does not separate the favorite ingredients. If you cannot find quality ration foods, you can use mice food that fits rats feeding as an alternative.
However, do not buy food for hamsters, gerbils and other rodents because they do not meet the nutritional needs of the rat (often contains ingredients, for example, alfalfa which rats cannot digest).